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FAQ02207 of General Purpose Relays FAQ

FAQ No. FAQ02207

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Question

The Relay will not reset. What are the probable causes?

Answer



Probable Causes:
There are probable causes on the contact side (output side) and on the coil side (input side).

Contact-side (Output-side) Causes:

1.Contact Fusing

Excessive current flows to the contacts, and the resulting heat generated causes the contacts to melt, and then stick together inseparably. This occurs when the contacts circuit short-circuits or when a load to which excessive inrush current flows is switched.

2.Contact Transfer (Shift and Locking)

One contact melts or evaporates and transfers to another contact. Generally, the positive side is concave and the negative side is convex. The concave and convex portions will stick together and become inseparable. This problem depends on usage conditions when switching lamp loads and capacitor loads to which excessive inrush current flows or when using AC loads.

3.Contact Sticking

When Relays with gold-clad contacts, particularly signal Relays, are cleaned with ultrasound, the ultrasonic energy causes the contacts to become attached and immobile as if welded.
Relays are available that are resistant to ultrasonic cleaning.

4.Penetration of Adhesive Material

Flux, coating, or other substance penetrates the Relay and forms an adhesive material that sticks to the Relay drive section and makes it mechanically immobile.

Coil-side (Input-side) Causes:

1.Long Wiring Distance with Coil and Power Supply

If the wiring distance (L) from the power supply is long, be sure to measure the voltage on both sides of the Relay coil terminal, and set the power supply voltage so that the rated voltage is applied.

If wiring is performed over a long distance in parallel with power lines, voltage may be generated on both sides of the Relay from the floating capacity of the wires and cause reset failures when the coil input power supply is OFF. If this happens, connect a bleeder resistor to both sides of the coil.

Reference Information:

Bleeder Resistance for MY4 at 100/110-VAC

Floating capacity (µF)Resistance (kΩ)Wattage
0.05 max.Not required---
0.05 to 0.1572
0.15 to 0.1762.5
0.17 to 0.1953
0.19 to 0.2344
0.23 to 0.3035
0.30 to 0.4228
0.42 min.115

Bleeder Resistance for MY4 at 200/220-VAC

Floating capacity (µF)Resistance (kΩ)Wattage
0.01 max.Not required---
0.01 to 0.1288
0.12 to 0.1479
0.14 to 0.15610
0.15 to 0.18512
0.18 min.415

Note:

1.CVV cable: Nominal conductor cross-section area: 2 mm2 (7 conductors), Floating capacity between wires: 0.15 to 0.25 (μF/km).

2.The resistance wattage values are for reference. Be sure to confirm operation using the actual circuit.

2.Using an Solid-state Relay to Operate a Relay

A few milliamps of leakage current IL flows on the output (load) side even when there is no input signal. Therefore, this leakage current may cause reset failures if it is larger than load reset current. As a leakage current countermeasure, connect a bleeder resistor R in parallel with the load to increase the Solid-state Relay switching current.

E: Load (relays etc.) reset voltage
I: Load (relays etc.) reset current
IL: Leakage current from the Solid-state Relay

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