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Rotary Encoders

Rotary Encoders measure the number of rotations, the rotational angle, and the rotational position. Linear Encoders are also available to measure linear movement.

 Overview Features Principles Classifications Engineering Data Further Information

Operating Principles

 Item Features Structure Output waveform Classification IncrementalEncodersE6J-CE6A2-CE6B2-CE6C2-CE6C3-CE6D-CE6F-CE6H-C This type of encoder outputs a pulse string in response to the amount of rotational displacement of the shaft. A separate counter counts the number of output pulses to determine the amount of rotation based on the count.To detect the amount of rotation from a certain input shaft position, the count in the counter is reset at the reference position and the number of pulses from that position is added cumulatively by the counter. For this reason, the reference position can be selected as desired, and the count for the amount of rotation can be unlimited.Another important feature is that a circuit can be added to generate twice or four times the number of pulses for one signal period, for heightened electrical resolution. *Also, the phase-Z signal, which is generated once a revolution, can be used as the origin within a revolution.* When high resolution is necessary, a 4-multiplier circuit is generally used.(4x output is obtained by differentiating the rise and fall waveforms of phase A and phase B, resulting in four times the resolution.) When a disk with an opticalpattern revolves along withthe shaft, light passing throughtwo slits is transmitted orblocked accordingly. The light isconverted to electrical currentsin the detector elements, whichcorrespond to each slit, and isoutput as two square waves.The two slits are positioned sothat the phase differencebetween the square waveoutputs is 1/4 pitch. * Even if resolution changes, thenumber of phases does not change. AbsoluteEncodersE6J-AE6CP-AE6C3-AE6F-A This type of encoder outputs in parallel the rotation angle as an Absolute value in 2n code.It therefore has one output for each output code bit, and as the resolution increases, the value of outputs increases. Rotation position detection is accomplished by directly reading the output code.When the Encoder is incorporated into a machine, the zero position of the input revolution shaft is fixed, and the rotation angle is always output as a digital value with the zero position as the coordinate origin.Data is never corrupted by noise, and returning to the zero position at startup is not necessary.Furthermore, even when code reading becomes impossible due to high-speed rotation, correct data can be read when the rotation speed slows, and correct rotation data can even be read when the power is restored after a power failure or other interruption in the power supply. When a disk with a patternrotates, light passing through theslits is transmitted or blockedaccording to the pattern. Thereceived light is converted toelectrical currents in thedetector elements, takes theform of waves, and becomesdigital signals.

Recommended Products

E6A2-C

Compact Encoder with External Diameter of 25 mm

E6B2-C

General-purpose Encoder with External Diameter of 40 mm

E6C3-A

Rugged Rotary Encoder