The Ultrasonic Sensor seems to be malfunctioning due to noise. What can be done to resolve it?
Different countermeasures should be used depending on factors such as the path of noise entry, the frequency component, and the peak value. Typical examples are given below.
|Type of noise||Noise intrusion path and countermeasure|
|Before countermeasure||After countermeasure|
|Common mode noise|
(Common noise applied between the mounting board and the +V and 0-V lines, respectively.)
|Noise enters from the noise source through the frame (metal). ||(1) Ground the inverter motor (to 100 Ω or less)|
(2) Ground the noise source and the power supply (0-V side) through a capacitor (film capacitor, 0.22 μF, 630 V).
(3) Insert an insulator (plastic, rubber, etc.) between the Sensor and the mounting plate (metal).
(Ingress of high-frequency electromagnetic waves directly into Sensor, from power line, etc.)
|Noise propagates through the air from the noise source and directly enters the Sensor. ||Insert a shield (copper) plate between the Sensor and the noise source e.g., a switching power supply).|
Separate the noise source and the Sensor to a distance where noise does not affect operation.
|Power line noise|
(Ingress of electromagnetic induction from high-voltage wires and switching noise from the switching power supply)
|Noise enters from the power line. ||Insert a capacitor (e.g., a film capacitor), noise filter (e.g., ferrite core or insulated transformer), or varistor in the power line. |